AVY Yvorne

Grape Varieties

The wide range of grape varieties used to make AVY wines gives the brand its strength.

Grape varieties

White Grape Varieties grown in the AVY Vineyards

Image

Chasselas

Origin

The origin of Chasselas has been a subject of much controversy, although it most probably originated in the Lake Geneva region.

Ripening and preferred terroirs

Chasselas ripens early and can be grown in a wide range of terroirs, but it is vulnerable to water stress and insufficient nitrogen.

Oenological potential

It is a discreet grape variety whose characteristics, such as its fruity, floral and mineral notes, derive largely from the terroir in which it has grown. On the palate, the wine is generally soft and fruity while its structure varies, depending on the climate and soil in which it was grown.

Land surface planted in Switzerland (OFAG 2014): 3,885 ha

Main producing countries:

  • Romania
  • Hungary
  • France
  • Germany
  • Russia

Image

Chardonnay

Origin

The Chardonnay grape originated in Bourgogne. Like Gamay, it is the result of a natural cross between the Pinot Noir and Gouais Blanc varieties.

Ripening and preferred terroirs

Chardonnay is a Period 1 variety, susceptible to grey mould and oidium. It is not advisable to grow it in overly fertile soils or in areas that are too hot and humid.

Oenological potential

A characteristic of this extremely versatile variety is to produce wines of great aromatic complexity which can include notes of citrus fruit, pineapple, banana and butter. These wines are subtle, generally rich and well-structured.

Land surface planted in Switzerland (OFAG 2014): 351 ha

Main producing countries:

  • France
  • United States
  • Australia
  • Italy
  • Chile

Image

Doral

Origin

Doral is a cross between Chasselas and Chardonnay, obtained at the Agroscope Changins-Wädenswil ACW Research Station, in 1965.

Ripening and preferred terroirs

It is an early variety and fairly susceptible to grey mould, and should therefore be grown in relatively infertile, well-drained soils.

Oenological potential

Aromatically complex, combining among others floral notes and notes of apricot and citrus fruit, Doral wines are generally full-bodied and relatively lively. The variety is also suitable for producing sparkling and sweet wines.

Land surface planted in Switzerland (OFAG 2014): 34 ha

Main producing countries:

  • a variety grown mainly in Switzerland

Image

Pinot Blanc

Origin

Pinot Blanc, a white mutation of Pinot Noir, probably originated in Bourgogne.

Ripening and preferred terroirs

An early Period I variety, it can be grown in relatively cool areas. It is very susceptible to grey mould and needs well-ventilated terroirs with gravelly and moderately fertile soils.

Oenological potential

Pinot Blanc wines show finesse and discretion and are generally elegant, full-bodied and generous. These low aromatic wines can bring body and structure to blends.

Land surface planted in Switzerland (OFAG 2014): 108 ha

Main producing countries:

  • Italy
  • Germany
  • Russia
  • Austria
  • Ukraine

Image

Sauvignon Blanc

Origin

Sauvignon Blanc originated in France (south-west/centre).

Ripening and preferred terroirs

Ripening is variable, Period I or II depending on the terroir where it was grown. The Sauvignon Blanc needs to be grown in moderately fertile soil that is well-drained but with no water deficit.

Oenological potential

Sauvignon Blanc wines are complex and distinctive, typically with notes of blackcurrant, boxwood, exotic fruit, and white fruit. They are generally lively, with a hint of acidity, racy and well-structured.

Land surface planted in Switzerland (OFAG 2014): 162 ha

Main producing countries:

  • France
  • New Zealand
  • South Africa
  • Chile
  • Australia

Image

Viognier

Origin

Viognier originated in the northern area of the Côtes-du-Rhône region.

Ripening and preferred terroirs

Viognier is a Period II variety and prefers fairly infertile, gravelly soils which generate a certain level of water stress.

Oenological potential

Viognier wines are expressive and distinctive, typically revealing notes of apricot, peach, and citrus fruit. They are generally powerful, supple, buttery and smooth.

Land surface planted in Switzerland (OFAG 2014): 43 ha

Main producing countries:

  • France
  • Australia
  • United States
  • Argentina
  • Chile

Image

Cabernet Franc

Origin

Cabernet Franc probably originated in south-west France.

Ripening and preferred terroirs

A late Period II variety, Cabernet Franc needs a hot climate and moderately fertile soils that generate a certain level of water stress.

Oenological potential

A grape variety with an expressive and very characteristic bouquet including notes of spices, raspberry, and violets, Cabernet Franc makes wines that have finesse, complexity and balance, with a moderately tannic structure.

Land surface planted in Switzerland (OFAG 2014): 60 ha

Main producing countries:

  • France
  • Italy
  • United States
  • Chile
  • South Africa

Image

Dakapo

Origin

Dakapo is a cross between the Deckrot and Blue Portuguese grape varieties, created at the Geisenheim Research Institute, in 1972.

Ripening and preferred terroirs

An early Period I ripening variety, susceptible to grey mould, Dakapo likes moderately fertile soils situated in fairly cool and dry areas.

Oenological potential 

Dakapo is deeply coloured, neutral and tannic, and lends itself well to blending.

Land surface planted in Switzerland (OFAG 2014):  15 ha

Main producing countries:

  • a grape variety grown mainly in Germany.

Image

Diolinoir

Origin

Diolinoir is a cross between the Robin Noir and Pinot Noir varieties, obtained at the Agroscope Changins-Wädenswil ACW Research Station, in 1970.

Ripening and preferred terroirs

It is a late Period I variety that likes fairly infertile soils that are dry and well-drained.

Oenological potential 

A discreet variety with a fine bouquet of black fruit, Diolinoir generally produces a powerful, rich and full-bodied wine with a lot of colour which lends itself well to blending. It is also, however, capable of providing beautiful wines on its own.

Land surface planted in Switzerland (OFAG 2014): 120 ha

Main producing countries:

  • a grape variety grown exclusively in Switzerland.

Image

Galotta

Origin

Galotta is a cross between the Ancelotta and Gamay varieties, created at the Agroscope Changins-Waedenswil ACW Research Station, in 1981.

Ripening and preferred terroirs

A late Period I variety, Galotta needs moderately fertile soils situated in temperate areas.

Oenological potential 

A discreet variety with a fine bouquet of red and black fruit, Galotta makes wines that are generally sturdy and powerful, with a rich phenol aroma. Like Diolinoir, it lends itself particularly well to blending but can also yield beautiful wines on its own.

Land surface planted in Switzerland (OFAG 2014): 31 ha

Main producing countries:

  • a grape variety grown mainly in Switzerland

Image

Gamaret

Origin

Gamaret is a cross between the Gamay and Reichensteiner varieties, obtained at the Agroscope Changins-Waedenswil ACW Research Station, in 1970.

Ripening and preferred terroirs

A Period I variety which can also benefit from late harvesting, Gamaret is suited to a wide range of terroirs, although dry, early-harvest regions should be avoided.

Oenological potential

Gamaret wines have a complex bouquet with aromas of spice and fruit. They generally have a deep colour, and rich tannins that give them a powerful structure. They can be used in blending, but can also be aged in barrels to produce excellent wines that are ideal for laying down.

Land surface planted in Switzerland (OFAG 2014): 423 ha

Main producing countries:

  • a grape variety grown mainly in Switzerland, and recently also in the Beaujolais region.

Image

Gamay

Origin

Gamay originated in France. Like Chardonnay, it results from the crossbreeding of Pinot Noir and Gouais Blanc.

Ripening and preferred terroirs

A late Period I variety, Gamay fares best in a very temperate environment and particularly well-drained and moderately fertile soils.

Oenological potential 

This grape variety has a fruity bouquet with notes of blackcurrant, raspberry and banana, and sometimes a spicy flavour. It makes soft wines that are fresh and fruity. The structure of the wine varies, depending on the place where it was grown, the climate and the yield.

Land surface planted in Switzerland (OFAG 2014): 1,382 ha

Main producing countries:

  • a grape variety grown mainly in France and Italy

Image

Garanoir

Origin

Garanoir is a cross between the Gamay and Reichensteiner varieties, obtained at the Agroscope Changins-Waedenswil ACW Research Station, in 1970.

Ripening and preferred terroirs

An early variety, Garanoir prefers terroirs in the cool areas of the vineyard. It is not very vigorous and therefore needs soils that are fairly fertile and not too gravelly.

Oenological potential

Garanoir wines have a spicy bouquet and are deep-coloured, soft and fruity. Their structure makes them equally well-suited for single-varietals or blends.

Land surface planted in Switzerland (OFAG 2014): 223 ha

Main producing countries:

  • a grape variety grown exclusively in Switzerland

Image

Mara

Origin

The Mara variety is a cross between the Gamay and Reichensteiner grapes, obtained at the Agroscope Changins-Waedenswil ACW Research Station in 1970, and registered in 2009.

Ripening and preferred terroirs

It is an early variety and can be grown in a relatively wide range of terroirs although particularly hot and dry areas should be avoided.

Oenological potential 

With its complex bouquet and notes of black fruit and spices, Mara makes deep-coloured, strong and full-bodied wines.

Land surface planted in Switzerland (OFAG 2014): 9 ha

Main producing countries:

  • a grape variety grown exclusively in Switzerland.

Image

Pinot Noir

Origin

Pinot Noir appears to have originated in north-east France.

Ripening and preferred terroirs

A very early variety, Pinot Noir likes gravelly and fairly infertile soils situated in warm areas with a fair degree of humidity.

Oenological potential

Pinot Noir wine has a fine and complex bouquet which reveals, among others, notes of kirsch, morello cherries and blackberries. The volume, power and structure of the wine vary depending on the place where it was grown, the climate and the yield.

Land surface planted in Switzerland (OFAG 2014): 4,261 ha

Main producing countries:

  • France
  • United States
  • Germany
  • Australia
  • New Zealand